Prunksaal – A Spectacular Temple of Knowledge

Prunksaal

Entering these unique rooms you have a feeling as if you were in a Baroque cathedral – the marble floor, ionic columns, marble sculptures and a dome decorated with beautiful frescoes.

However, this is not a church, this is the State Hall of the Austrian National Library – the Prunksaal, one of the greatest libraries in the world.

If you look closer, you will see books everywhere around you…

Also, instead of an organ, you will find books neatly put on shelves

Four magnificent Venetian Baroque globes are standing here like baptismal fonts in a church

In the ceiling fresco, you can see angels, but mostly ancient allegoric figures

The marble sculptures don’t represent any saints but Habsburg rulers. They were made by two brothers – Peter and Paul Strudel.

Emperor Charles VI ordered the construction of this Court Library in 1722. He wanted to get Vienna in the position of one of the most important centers of culture and art in Europe. The library was designed by the famous architect Johann Bernhard Fischer von Erlach (and finished by his son Joseph Emanuel). It took only three years to complete the building, after that they started with the interiors. The emperor and his family visited the new library for the first time in 1734. There is an inscription about it on the ceiling. It is also written there that everybody who wants to come into this temple of knowledge has to wear appropriate clothing and to be acquitted well with ink. Well, what do you think, who could use the library in the 18th century? Only a few people were able to write and read until Maria Theresa, the daughter of Charles VI, introduced compulsory schooling for children in all of the Habsburg hereditary lands. So the library was used mostly by university students and scholars. The library was not only to study but also to dazzle, inspire and impress. The statue of Charles VI is situated in the oval-shaped center of the State Hall. The oval form is not accidental, it symbolized the perfection of the order in the universe and the orbit of the Earth around the Sun.

The emperor looks at coming visitors, his outstretched arm with spread fingers is an ancient gesture of bringing peace

The library was created from former imperial collections. Its founding codex is Johannes von Troppau’s Evangelion from 1368, which is exactly 650 years ago.

There are 189 parchment sheets with gilded illustrations in the book

Before ascending the throne, Austrian rulers took the oath on this Evangelion with the precious binding

Looking at such old books, I always imagine monks arching their backs copying texts at candlelight. They were sitting at small tables, some of them could be slightly turned to enable the monk to work on two or more texts at the same time… The Evangelion is a very precious book, it is exhibited only occasionally (next time in the first two weeks of 2019).

A very important part of the library is the collection of 15,000 books from the estate of Prince Eugene of Savoy. Emperor Charles VI bought these books and paid more for them than later Maria Theresa for the entire palace of Belvedere which also originally belonged to the prince. All the books are printed and as proof of the Prince’s wealth, they have a golden edge and are bound in leather of the Moroccan goat.

The leather is dyed – red is for history and literature, blue for theology and law and yellow for arts and natural sciences

The books are located in the middle oval. You don’t need to be a bookworm to take delight in a look at the high shelves made out of nut wood, full of books.

However, don’t forget to take a look upwards. Above your head, there is a dome with magnificent frescoes made by the painter Daniel Gran. The light is coming through the windows in the ceiling and illuminate the whole space in the same way as books can light up our souls. The ceiling fresco depicts the glorification of Charles VI and is full of different symbols. Let’s have a look at some of them.

In the middle of the ceiling, there is the figure of Fame holding a palm branch and laurel wreath in her left and an obelisk – a symbol of a sunbeam and everlasting fame – in her right hand.

The Fame is hovering above the medallion with the image of Charles VI, Hercules and Apollo next to it. Cerberus, the three-headed dog who guards the gates of the Underworld is sitting at Hercules’ feet. The letters A.E.I.O.U. are visible on many Habsburg monuments in Vienna. Nobody knows their meaning, there is no official explanation for them but many various interpretations. One of the most spread is Austriae Est Imperare Orbi Universo – It is Austria’s destiny to rule the world.

Don’t miss a male figure in turquoise clothing between two windows. Daniel Gran depicted himself like a mineralogist.

The State Hall is housing more than 200,000 books. It is not only a library. Many interesting events take place here. We wrote already about the exhibits about Emperor Franz Joseph and also about the Freemasons on our blog. 2018 is dedicated to 650 years of the library. In addition to the exhibition about the history of this cultural institution, a very special object is exhibited every month.

When I visited the exhibition, we could see two mandrake roots from Rudolf II’s Art Chamber which used to be dipped in wine to increase their magic power.

In April 2018, you will see the autograph of Mozart’s Requiem and in June, the Gutenberg Bible from 1454 – one of the only 22 existing complete pieces in the world. You can find more information about the objects of the other months as well as prices and opening hours: here

26th October is the Austrian National Day – it is the day of the free entrance to the State Hall. In 2018, there are two more possibilities of a free visit: on 21st June (18.00 – 21.00) and 30th September (10.00 – 18.00).

How to get here: underground U3 – Herrengasse www.vor.at

The Court Library, Solomon Kleiner, 1737

The library was originally planned as a free-standing building. But only a few years after its opening, it was obvious that the building by itself is insufficient. Therefore, two side wings were added to the library – this is how we can see the building today if we come to the square Josefsplatz. Here is the main entrance to the library. In front of it, there is a mounted statue of the emperor Josef II.

Look once more at the building in front of you. The entire width of the square is actually the length of the State Hall – exactly 77,7 m!

Text: © Copyright Ingrid, Travelpotpourri
Fotos: © Copyright Ingrid, Travelpotpourri

Komentáre

3 Comments

  1. Ingrid

    Som hrda, ze tam mame zastupenie, len mi vadi, ze ani odborni pracovnici Prunksaal nevedia nic o A.F.Kollarovi ako o riaditelovi kniznice a to meno im nic nehovori. Vedia len o otcovi a synovi van Swieten z tej doby.

    Reply
    1. Ingrid (Post author)

      Áno, Inga, aj mňa to šoklo, že dotyčná osoba nepoznala Kollára… Ale každopádne, ako píšeš, aj tak máme byť hrdí na nášho rodáka! 🙂

      Reply
  2. Pingback: V skrytom podkroví Hofburgu - travel potpourri

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